' Bankruptcy Guide: How It Works, Types, and Consequences - Law Offices of Robert M. Geller, P.A.

Bankruptcy Guide: How It Works, Types, and Consequences

what is bankruptcy Dealing with money problems can be a stressful and overwhelming experience. Sometimes, debt can become unmanageable, and it may feel like there is no way out. In these situations, bankruptcy can be an option to consider.

But what exactly is bankruptcy?

How does it work, and what are the implications of filing for bankruptcy? Here’s your comprehensive guide, including information about the types and consequences, to help you make an informed decision if you ever find yourself in a similar situation.

What is Bankruptcy?

Bankruptcy is a legal process designed to relieve individuals and businesses in financial distress. It involves a court proceeding, during which a debtor’s assets are evaluated and used to pay off outstanding debts to their creditors. It is important to note, however, that not all debts can be discharged through bankruptcy. Also, not everyone is eligible for debt discharge. To file, you must meet certain criteria, which differ depending on your filing type.

Types of Bankruptcy

There are two main types of bankruptcy for individuals: Chapter 7 and Chapter 13. Chapter 7, also known as “liquidation bankruptcy,” involves the sale of the debtor’s non-exempt assets to pay off outstanding debts. This type of bankruptcy is typically used by individuals with little to no income and few assets.

Chapter 13, on the other hand, involves a payment plan that repays the debtor’s debts over three to five years. This type of bankruptcy is typically used by individuals with a steady income.

For businesses, there are several types of bankruptcies, including:

Chapter 11 allows businesses to restructure and remain open while paying outstanding debts. Bankruptcy chapter 12 is specific to family farmers and fishermen. It allows them to restructure their debt while keeping their assets, such as land and equipment. Chapter 13 bankruptcy is also available to small business owners, using a payment plan to repay debts over three to five years.


Filing for bankruptcy can have significant consequences.

For individuals, filing negatively impacts their credit score, making it difficult to obtain loans or credit in the future. It can also result in the loss of assets, such as a home or vehicle. For businesses, bankruptcy can lead to the closure of the company and the loss of jobs for its employees. It is important to weigh the potential consequences against the benefits before making a decision.

How to File

Filing can be a complicated process. It’s highly recommended that you seek the guidance of a reputable bankruptcy attorney. The first step in filing for bankruptcy is to complete a credit counseling course, which is required by law.

Once completed, you will need to file a petition with the court and provide the necessary paperwork, including a list of your assets, debts, and expenses. A trustee will be appointed to oversee your case, and a meeting with your creditors will be scheduled. Depending on the type of bankruptcy you file, you may also need to attend additional hearings or meetings.


Bankruptcy should be considered a last resort option. If you are struggling with debt, there are alternatives to explore before filing. These may include negotiating with your creditors to settle your debts or working with a credit counseling agency to create a debt management plan. It is important to explore all options and seek professional guidance before making a decision.

Bankruptcy can be a viable option for those facing insurmountable debt. However, it is not a decision to be taken lightly. It is crucial to understand the types and consequences of bankruptcy and to explore all alternatives before making a final decision.

Seeking the guidance of a reputable bankruptcy attorney and credit counseling agency can help you navigate through the process and make an informed decision. Remember, bankruptcy may provide relief, but it also has long-term effects that should be carefully considered before taking any action.

For more information about debt or if you’d like to speak to someone about how bankruptcy might help you, contact the Law Offices of Robert M. Geller at (813) 254-5696 to schedule a free consultation with an experienced attorney.


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